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The best lawyer we have ever used!

Christian Limon, is with the Marcus Family Law Center, PLC, in El Centro (founded in 1974). She brings a comprehensive set of skills and expertise to assist her clients. She is licensed as an attorney both in Mexico and California, with her international practice in Imperial County and Mexicali. Her emphasis is family law, including cross-border custody and family support issues. Christian is also experienced in cross-border contracts and bi-national litigation (civil, commercial, family, and labor), advising several US companies in Mexico, including real estate development and maquiladora operations. Christian is a Spanish/English interpreter with a focus on legal documents and legal proceedings, as well as a California Notary. She is a member of the California BAR, Imperial County Bar Association, ANADE (Mexican Association of Corporate Attorneys) and AEM (Mexican Entrepreneurs Association).

Marcus Family Law Center, PLC

The Best Vet in Mexicali!

Dr. Rafael, the best veterinarian anywhere; he's close to the border, speaks English and has lived in Arizona! Click

The best – we’ve used them since 2008!

Mexico Insurance

Mexico Celebrates Its Bicentenary

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Flags & Banners for sale for Mexico's Bicentenary

Flags & Banners for sale for Mexico's Bicentenary

Much of Mexico’s history is unknown in the United States, and not taught in U.S. schools—and for a reason.

A huge part of what is now the United States was originally Mexico’s territory.

On September 16th 2010, Mexico celebrates the bicentenary of the revolution that led to its independence from Spain.

The entire country will be alive with special parties—festivals and celebrations to mark the event. Colorful flags and banners are for sale in the streets.

A free Mexican flag and information packet was delivered to our house in Mexicali courtesy of the Mexican government!

Mexico’s revolution began on September 16, 1810, when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla freed prisoners who had been locked up by the ruling Spanish authorities. He called on the people to rebel by ringing church bells. Unfortunately, Hidalgo was captured and shot. However, he sparked a revolution that would that would lead to Mexico’s independence.

Mexican territories seized by the U.S. (click to enlarge)

Mexican territories seized by the U.S. (click to enlarge)

We live in Mexicali, which is in Baja (lower) California, but there was an Alta (upper) California, which was also part of Mexico

Alta California included land that today forms American states of California and Nevada and parts of today’s Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, western Colorado, and southwestern Wyoming. The capital of Alta California was Monterey, California.

In 1824, the Mexican territory of Tejas (Texas) became part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas.

That same year, Mexico enacted a law which enabled all heads of household, regardless of race or immigrant status, to claim land in Mexico.

This was a mistake on the part of Mexico, as it enabled immigrants from the United States to enter Texas, or Tejas as it was then called.

Mexico had a problem with the American immigrants as many of them owned slaves and slavery was illegal in Mexico. To solve this problem, in 1829, Mexico gave Americans living in Tejas a one-year exemption from Mexico’s law against slavery. After the one year exemption, all slaves owned by the American immigrants would have to be freed.

To get around the law, many American immigrants simply converted their slaves into indentured servants for life.

As a consequence, in 1830, Mexico outlawed the immigration of United States citizens to Tejas.

However, the flood of illegal American immigrants into Tejas continued.

In 1832, the Americans in Tejas demanded that Mexico allow US citizens to immigrate freely to Mexico, and that amnesty be granted for all illegal American immigrants.

The following year, the American immigrants took another step and proposed that Tejas become a separate Mexican state.

Mexico attempted to address the concerns of the American immigrants by giving American illegal immigrants amnesty and by allowing Americans to immigrate legally to Tejas.

After these concessions by Mexico, the number of American immigrants entering Tejas quickly escalated. Mexico believed that the growing influx of American immigrants to Tejas was part of a plot by the U.S. to take over the region.

Unfortunately for Mexico, this proved to be the case.

In spite of Mexico’s compromises, the Americans in Tejas wanted more. They demanded independent statehood which led to the Texas Revolution, in October 1835.

After several bloody battles the Mexican President, Santa Anna, was forced to sign the Treaty of Velasco in 1836, giving Texas its independence.

Many Mexicans refused to accept the legality of this agreement, as Santa Anna was a prisoner of the Americans in Tejas at the time.

Consequently, the newly declared Republic of Texas and Mexico began to engage in border fights.

To gain the upper hand in its battles with Mexico, Texas decided to join the United States. On July 4, 1845, the annexation of Texas by the United States was approved by the U.S. Congress.

Mexico of course did not like the fact that its former province of Tejas had an American territory and border disputes continued.

U.S. Declaration of War against Mexico

U.S. Declaration of War against Mexico

U.S. President James K. Polk, who had run for office advocating the annexation of Texas, declared war on Mexico on May 13, 1846.

Immediately, the U.S. Army embarked on a three-pronged strategy designed to seize control of northern Mexico and force an early peace.

Two American armies moved south from Texas, while a third force under traveled west to Sante Fe, New Mexico and then to California.

In July and August of 1846, the United States Navy seized the towns of Monterey and Los Angeles both in what is now the state of California.

Despite a series of defeats, Mexico refused to surrender.

To ensure his promised victory President Polk decided to seize Mexico City, the capital of Mexico.

On March 9, 1847, General Winfield Scott landed with an army of 12,000 men on the beaches near Veracruz. From this point, Scott and Santa Anna fought a series of battles from the coast inland toward Mexico City. Finally, on September 14, 1847, Mexico City fell to the Americans.

On February 2, 1848, Mexico finally surrendered and signed The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo.

This treaty gave approximately 55% of Mexico’s territory to the U.S. including all or part of what are now the States of California, Nevada, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Texas and part of Kansas. Yes, Americans in Wyoming and Kansas are living on land that once belonged to Mexico!

In return, the U.S. agreed to pay $15 million to Mexico as “compensation” for the seized territory.

The war between Mexico and the U.S. and the fact that much of the U.S. was part of Mexico, helps us understand today’s relationship between the two countries.

Mexico will still celebrate the bicentennial of its hard-fought independence!

¡Que Viva México y que Viva la Bandera Nacional!

La Bandera Nacional!

La Bandera Nacional

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