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Christian Limon, is with the Marcus Family Law Center, PLC, in El Centro (founded in 1974). She brings a comprehensive set of skills and expertise to assist her clients. She is licensed as an attorney both in Mexico and California, with her international practice in California and Mexicali. Her emphasis is family law, including cross-border custody and family support issues. Christian is also experienced in cross-border contracts and bi-national litigation (civil, commercial, family, and labor), advising several US companies in Mexico, including real estate development and maquiladora operations.

Christian is a Spanish/English interpreter with a focus on legal documents and legal proceedings, as well as a California Notary. She is a member of the California BAR, Imperial County Bar Association, ANADE (Mexican Association of Corporate Attorneys) and AEM (Mexican Entrepreneurs Association).

Marcus Family Law Center, PLC

Help in the Days of the Pandemic (something we all need)

El Chapo’s Wife Arrested!

El Chapo

El Chapo

The wife of Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman has been arrested at Washington DC’s Dulles Airport and charged with drug trafficking, with an informant accusing her of masterminding a $3 million plan to break him out of Mexico’s jails.

Emma Coronel Aispuro, a 31-year-old former beauty queen with both U.S. and Mexican citizenship, was detained on Monday in the first major cartel detention of President Joe Biden’s administration.

Emma Coronel Aispuro will appear in court before Judge Harvey G. Michael, charged with participating in a conspiracy to distribute cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin and marijuana for importation into the U.S.

The trafficking charges run from 2014 until her husband’s extradition to the United States in January 2017.

While she is undoubtedly a high profile arrest for the authorities, she is far from being a major player in her own right. Many suspect that prosecutors will lean heavily on her to “flip”—something which, for someone so embedded in trafficking culture, may not come easy.

She is also accused of helping Guzman, 63, in his infamous July 11, 2015 escape through a tunnel dug beneath Altiplano prison, in Almoloya de Juarez, Mexico.

The U.S. government’s case is being helped by a secret informant, named only as “Cooperating Witness 1,” who testified that they were given $100,000 by Coronel to help El Chapo’s escape from prison when he was recaptured in 2016, and $1 million in total.

The informant also claims that Coronel oversaw a plan by which a further $2 million was sent to bribe Mexico’s head of prisons to send Guzman from a prison in Ciudad Juarez back to Altiplano, where he would once again escape from jail.

According to the indictment, Coronel “stated to Cooperating Witness 1 that approximately $2 million had been paid to the Mexican official who oversaw the Mexican prisons to facilitate the transfer.”

Mike Vigil, a former DEA agent who worked undercover in Mexico, revealed that Coronel was “a narco princess” deeply enmeshed in the world of trafficking.

After Guzman was re-arrested in Mexico in January 2016, Coronel is alleged to have engaged in planning the additional jail break, before he was eventually extradited to the U.S. in January 2017.

“She was not a distributor, or a money launderer, or involved in logistics,” said Vigil.  “But she did things he ordered he to, like passing messages.”

Vigil pointed out that all her alleged involvement took place prior to his extradition to the United States – authorities in the U.S. were well aware of her role, and so have prevented her continued help of him while behind bars.

She is not believed to have been allowed to see him inside the Colorado prison.

Vigil said that her current focus was on their daughters, and spending his money, noting: “She’s not involved any more.”

He added: “So did she participate? Yes, but these charges are related to things that she did in the past. It’s not like she’s branching out on her own.”

Coronel is charged in a one count criminal complaint with a conspiracy to distribute one kilogram or more of heroin; five kilograms or more of cocaine; 1,000 kilograms or more of marijuana; and 500 grams or more of methamphetamines for unlawful importation into the U.S.

For Coronel, born in California, trafficking was a family affair.

Her father Ines Coronel Barreras was a mid-ranking lieutenant in the Sinaloa Cartel, as was her brother, Omar.

FBI intercepts of Guzman’s phone showed him discussing business in 2011 with Ines—the father-in-law groveling to the man he repeatedly refers to as ‘senor’.

“Make sure you delete everything every time we’re done chatting,” Guzman reminds his wife, when she takes the phone back.

Ines and Omar were both arrested in April 2013.

Coronel married Guzman in 2007 in La Angostura, Durango, and gave birth to their twin girls on August 15, 2011.

The girls, Emali and Maria Joaquina, were born at Antelope Valley Hospital in Lancaster, California—on their birth certificates, the father’s name was left blank.

The wiretaps showed how intricately Coronel was involved in her husband’s business, with the pair discussing by text the price per kilo of drugs and liaising about impending police raids on their properties.

“Our Kiki is fearless,” Coronel writes, in January 2012, with reference to Maria Joaquina.

“I’m going to give her an AK-47 so she can hang with me.”

On January 24, 2012, he tells her: “Love, whenever you guys see suspicious-looking cars let me know right away so I can get them checked out, love.”

She says that the security team saw some strange vehicles, but “they were told they were from the government.”

He replies: “I am told that they are following you, darling. You just go ahead and lead a normal life, that’s it. They just want to see if you are coming to where I am.”

A week or so later, she says that she’s been told her home will soon be raided.

“Let me check and see what’s going on,” he replied. “Do you have a gun?”

She replies that she has one he gave her.

Shortly after, he responds: “They are doing a thorough check for me.”

She remarks: “I hope it won’t be today. I have a headache.”

During his trial, Coronel was a constant presence—the drug lord waving goofily at her across the courtroom, and blowing kisses.

She sat through hours of testimony from his former mistresses, and from former associates who turned against him.

Coronel herself treated the trial as a fashion parade, turning up every day in a striking new outfit. She announced afterwards that she was launching a fashion collection.

In November 2019 Coronel was in talks to join the VH1 reality series Cartel Crew. The series ended in December 2019, however.

Coronel is accused in the court documents of having been in contact with Guzman’s sons, known as “Chapitos,” who are currently believed to be running the Sinaloa Cartel.

Four of Guzman’s 15 known sons—Ivan, Jesus, Ovidio and Joaquin Jr—are all referenced in the charging documents.

Ovidio was captured in October 2019 in Culiacan, a stronghold of the Sinaloa Cartel. He was then released amid a full-scale shootout with cartel members in broad daylight that left cars burning and civilians running for cover, in a case which sparked huge controversy for Mexico’s president, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.

Vigil, the former chief of international operations for the DEA, who spent 20 years infiltrating Mexican and Colombian cartels, revealed that investigators would now be trying to use Coronel to entrap other, even bigger, fish.

Coronel, said Vigil, will be pressed as to the whereabouts of the sons and of Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada, the 73-year-old who was Guzman’s right-hand-man.

“They have cooperating witnesses who claim that she was liaising with the sons,” he said.

“And they know that she is very devoted to her daughters, so she won’t want to be separated from them. They’ll be really pressuring her to flip.”

Others were intrigued by the timing of Coronel’s arrest, relating to activity that, according to the charge sheet, stopped in 2017.

Several pointed out that her high-profile detention came only months after the debacle of the arrest of Mexico’s former defense minister, General Salvador Cienfuegos.

Cienfuegos, who served under former president Enrique Pena Nieto, was accused by the U.S. authorities of taking bribes in exchange for protecting drug cartel leaders and was arrested at the request of the Drug Enforcement Administration in Los Angeles in October.

However, a month later the Justice Department agreed to hand him back to Mexico, in a move that stunned many.

Mexico promised to try him in Mexico, with Marcelo Ebrard, the foreign minister, saying “it would be very costly” for Mexico to “do nothing” after having asked for the charges against the former defense chief to be dropped and for him to be returned home.

Yet, in January Mexico declared that Cienfuegos had been exonerated and would face no further charges.

Arturo Sarukhan, Mexico’s ambassador to the US from 2007-13, tweeted that Coronel’s arrest was “likely related to a tightening of screws in the aftermath of the Cienfuegos debacle.”

Español

La esposa de Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán fue arrestada en el aeropuerto Dulles de Washington DC y acusada de tráfico de drogas, con un informante acusándola de planear un plan de $ 3 millones para sacarlo de las cárceles de México.

Emma Coronel Aispuro, una exreina de belleza de 31 años con ciudadanía estadounidense y mexicana, fue detenida el lunes en la primera detención importante del cártel de la administración del presidente Joe Biden.

Emma Coronel Aispuro comparecerá ante el juez ante el juez Harvey G. Michael, acusado de participar en una conspiración para distribuir cocaína, metanfetamina, heroína y marihuana para su importación a Estados Unidos.

Los cargos de tráfico van desde 2014 hasta la extradición de su esposo a los Estados Unidos en enero de 2017.

Si bien es sin duda un arresto de alto perfil para las autoridades, está lejos de ser un jugador importante por derecho propio. Muchos sospechan que los fiscales se apoyarán mucho en ella para “cambiar”, algo que, para alguien tan arraigado en la cultura de la trata, puede que no sea fácil.

También está acusada de ayudar a Guzmán, de 63 años, en su infame escape del 11 de julio de 2015 a través de un túnel excavado debajo de la prisión del Altiplano, en Almoloya de Juárez, México.

El caso del gobierno de EE. UU. Está siendo ayudado por un informante secreto, nombrado solo como “Testigo colaborador 1”, quien testificó que Coronel les dio $ 100,000 para ayudar a El Chapo a escapar de la prisión cuando fue recapturado en 2016, y $ 1 millón en total.

El informante también afirma que Coronel supervisó un plan mediante el cual se enviaron otros $ 2 millones para sobornar al jefe de prisiones de México para que enviara a Guzmán de una prisión en Ciudad Juárez de regreso al Altiplano, donde volvería a escapar de la cárcel.

Según la acusación formal, Coronel “declaró al Testigo Colaborador 1 que se habían pagado aproximadamente $ 2 millones al funcionario mexicano que supervisaba las cárceles mexicanas para facilitar el traslado”.

Mike Vigil, un ex agente de la DEA que trabajó encubierto en México, reveló que Coronel era “una princesa narco” profundamente enredada en el mundo del tráfico.

Después de que Guzmán fue arrestado nuevamente en México en enero de 2016, se alega que Coronel se involucró en la planificación de la fuga adicional de la cárcel, antes de que finalmente fuera extraditado a los Estados Unidos en enero de 2017.

“Ella no era distribuidora, ni blanqueadora de dinero, ni estaba involucrada en logística”, dijo Vigil. “Pero ella hizo las cosas que él le ordenó, como pasar mensajes”.

Vigil señaló que toda su supuesta participación tuvo lugar antes de su extradición a los Estados Unidos; las autoridades de los Estados Unidos eran muy conscientes de su papel y, por lo tanto, han impedido que continúe ayudándolo mientras estaba tras las rejas.

Se cree que no se le permitió verlo dentro de la prisión de Colorado.

Vigil dijo que su enfoque actual estaba en sus hijas y gastar su dinero, y señaló: “Ella ya no está involucrada”.

Añadió: “¿Entonces ella participó? Sí, pero estos cargos están relacionados con cosas que hizo en el pasado. No es como si se estuviera diversificando por su cuenta”.

Coronel está acusado en una denuncia penal de un cargo de conspiración para distribuir un kilogramo o más de heroína; cinco kilogramos o más de cocaína; 1.000 kilogramos o más de marihuana; y 500 gramos o más de metanfetaminas por importación ilegal a los EE. UU.

Para Coronel, nacido en California, la trata era un asunto familiar.

Su padre, Inés Coronel Barreras, era un teniente de rango medio del Cartel de Sinaloa, al igual que su hermano, Omar.

Las interceptaciones del teléfono de Guzmán por parte del FBI lo mostraron discutiendo negocios en 2011 con Inés, el suegro humillándose con el hombre al que repetidamente se refiere como ‘señor’.

“Asegúrate de borrar todo cada vez que terminemos de chatear”, le recuerda Guzmán a su esposa, cuando ella toma el teléfono.

Inés y Omar fueron detenidos en abril de 2013.

Coronel se casó con Guzmán en 2007 en La Angostura, Durango, y dio a luz a sus gemelas el 15 de agosto de 2011.

Las niñas, Emali y Maria Joaquina, nacieron en el Antelope Valley Hospital en Lancaster, California; en sus actas de nacimiento, el nombre del padre se dejó en blanco.

Las escuchas telefónicas mostraron cuán intrincadamente Coronel estaba involucrada en el negocio de su esposo, con la pareja discutiendo por mensaje de texto el precio por kilo de drogas y comunicándose sobre inminentes redadas policiales en sus propiedades.

“Nuestro Kiki no tiene miedo”, escribe Coronel, en enero de 2012, en referencia a María Joaquina.

“Le voy a dar un AK-47 para que pueda estar conmigo”.

El 24 de enero de 2012, él le dice: “Amor, siempre que vean coches de aspecto sospechoso, avíseme de inmediato para que los revise, amor”.

Ella dice que el equipo de seguridad vio algunos vehículos extraños, pero “les dijeron que eran del gobierno”.

Él responde: “Me han dicho que te están siguiendo, cariño. Simplemente sigue adelante y lleva una vida normal, eso es todo. Solo quieren ver si vienes a donde estoy”.

Una semana más tarde, dice que le han dicho que su casa pronto será allanada.

“Déjame comprobar y ver qué está pasando”, respondió. “¿Tienes una pistola?”

Ella responde que tiene uno que le dio.

Poco después, responde: “Están haciendo un control minucioso por mí”.

Ella comenta: “Espero que no sea hoy. Me duele la cabeza”.

Durante su juicio, Coronel fue una presencia constante: el capo de la droga la saludaba con aire tonto a través de la sala del tribunal y le lanzaba besos.

Ella se sentó durante horas de testimonio de sus antiguas amantes y de antiguos socios que se volvieron contra él.

La propia Coronel trató el juicio como un desfile de moda, apareciendo todos los días con un nuevo atuendo llamativo. Luego anunció que estaba lanzando una colección de moda.

En noviembre de 2019, Coronel estaba en conversaciones para unirse a la serie de telerrealidad Cartel Crew de VH1. Sin embargo, la serie terminó en diciembre de 2019.

Coronel está acusado en los documentos judiciales de haber estado en contacto con los hijos de Guzmán, conocidos como “Chapitos”, quienes se cree que actualmente dirigen el Cartel de Sinaloa.

Cuatro de los 15 hijos conocidos de Guzmán — Iván, Jesús, Ovidio y Joaquín Jr. — están todos referenciados en los documentos de acusación.

Ovidio fue capturado en octubre de 2019 en Culiacán, bastión del Cartel de Sinaloa. Luego fue liberado en medio de un tiroteo a gran escala con miembros del cártel a plena luz del día que dejó autos en llamas y civiles corriendo en busca de refugio, en un caso que desató una gran controversia para el presidente de México, Andrés Manuel López Obrador.

Vigil, el exjefe de operaciones internacionales de la DEA, que pasó 20 años infiltrándose en los carteles mexicanos y colombianos, reveló que los investigadores ahora intentarían usar a Coronel para atrapar a otros peces, incluso más grandes.

Coronel, dijo Vigil, será presionado sobre el paradero de los hijos y de Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada, el hombre de 73 años que fue la mano derecha de Guzmán.

“Tienen testigos que cooperan y afirman que ella se estaba comunicando con los hijos”, dijo.

“Y saben que ella es muy devota de sus hijas, por lo que no querrá separarse de ellas. Realmente la presionarán para que se mueva”.

Otros estaban intrigados por el momento del arresto de Coronel, relacionado con la actividad que, según la hoja de cargos, se detuvo en 2017.

Varios señalaron que su detención de alto perfil se produjo solo meses después de la debacle del arresto del exministro de Defensa de México, el general Salvador Cienfuegos.

Cienfuegos, quien sirvió bajo el ex presidente Enrique Peña Nieto, fue acusado por las autoridades estadounidenses de aceptar sobornos a cambio de proteger a los líderes de los carteles de la droga y fue arrestado a pedido de la Administración de Control de Drogas en Los Ángeles en octubre.

Sin embargo, un mes después, el Departamento de Justicia acordó devolverlo a México, en una medida que sorprendió a muchos.

México prometió juzgarlo en México, con Marcelo Ebrard, el canciller, diciendo que “sería muy costoso” que México “no hiciera nada” después de haber pedido que se retiren los cargos contra el exjefe de Defensa y que se le retire. regrese a casa.

Sin embargo, en enero, México declaró que Cienfuegos había sido exonerado y no enfrentaría más cargos.

Arturo Sarukhan, embajador de México en Estados Unidos entre 2007 y 2013, tuiteó que el arresto de Coronel estaba “probablemente relacionado con un apriete de tornillos tras la debacle de Cienfuegos”.

Official Count 2 Million Covid-19 Cases But Could Be 17 to 53 Million

Seniors line up for vaccination in Mexico City.

Seniors line up for vaccination in Mexico City.

Mexico’s real coronavirus case tally is at least nine times higher than the total officially reported and could be up to 26 times higher, according to National Autonomous University (UNAM) estimates.

The official accumulated case tally rose to 2.02 million on Thursday but according to estimates on the UNAM Covid-19 Geographic Information Platform, there have been a minimum of 17.81 million cases since the virus was first detected here almost a year ago and a maximum of 53.43 million.

The minimum estimate assumes a fatality rate of 1% and the official Covid-19 death toll – 178,108 as of Thursday – includes all fatalities from Covid-19.

The maximum estimate assumes a fatality rate of 0.5% and that there have really been 1.5 Covid-19 deaths for every one officially registered.

Mexico’s case tally is widely considered a significant undercount because of the low Covid-19 testing rate. The health system has focused on testing people with serious symptoms of the disease, meaning that the vast majority of mild and asymptomatic cases don’t show up in official statistics. This is very similar to what is happening in the United States.

The Health Ministry acknowledges that many cases go undetected and said early in the pandemic that its epidemiological surveillance system suggested that there were about eight undetected cases for each reported one.

However, for several months its case number estimates have been only slightly higher than the official tally. The Health Ministry currently estimates that there have been just under 2.22 million cases since the start of the pandemic, a figure only 1.1 times, or 10%, higher than the official tally.

Malaquías López, a public health professor at UNAM and spokesperson for the university’s Covid-19 commission, said the ministry’s estimated case numbers don’t square with a serological testing survey conducted between August and November last year that found that about a quarter of the population had developed antibodies against the coronavirus as a result of having it.

The National Institute of Public Health estimated that about 31 million Mexicans had been infected with the virus, a number that could have risen significantly given that December and January were the two worst months of the pandemic.

UNAM’s active case estimates are also much higher than those of the Health Ministry. The university estimates that there are currently a minimum of 455,577 active cases and a maximum of 1.36 million.

According to the Health Ministry, there are just 56,981 active cases, a figure that has decreased significantly this month after rising above 110,000 in late January.

UNAM’s figures suggest that the coronavirus is still running rampant, although health authorities contend that the situation has improved considerably compared to January, and declining hospital occupancy levels back up that claim.

But while the average number of cases reported daily in the first 18 days of February declined 38% compared to the average in January, average daily Covid-19 deaths increased 3% to 1,087, evidence that Mexico is still paying a heavy price for the Christmas-New Year’s gatherings and parties that fueled the pandemic.

Meanwhile, Mexico’s vaccination efforts are gathering speed after shipments of AstraZeneca and Pfizer vaccines arrived early this week. As of Thursday night, almost 1.32 million vaccine doses had been administered, mainly to health workers and seniors.

The good news is that the increased numbers of Covid-19 cases could result in Mexico’s achieving Herd Immunity in a much shorter period of time. This increase in previously unknown Covid-19 cases in the United States is predicting that Herd Immunity may be achieved by April 2021 – just a few months away!

Finally, the pandemic may be coming to a rapid end not only in the United States, but in Mexico, as well!

Ole!

ESPAÑOL

El recuento real de casos de coronavirus en México es al menos nueve veces mayor que el total reportado oficialmente y podría ser hasta 26 veces mayor, según estimaciones de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma (UNAM).

El recuento oficial de casos acumulados subió a 2,02 millones el jueves, pero según estimaciones de la Plataforma de Información Geográfica Covid-19 de la UNAM, ha habido un mínimo de 17,81 millones de casos desde que se detectó el virus por primera vez aquí hace casi un año y un máximo de 53,43 millón.

La estimación mínima asume una tasa de mortalidad del 1% y que la cifra oficial de muertes por Covid-19 (178,108 al jueves) incluye todas las muertes por la enfermedad infecciosa.

La estimación máxima asume una tasa de letalidad del 0,5% y que realmente ha habido 1,5 muertes por Covid-19 por cada una registrada oficialmente.

El recuento de casos de México se considera ampliamente como un recuento insuficiente debido a la baja tasa de pruebas de Covid-19. El sistema de salud se ha centrado en realizar pruebas a personas con síntomas graves de la enfermedad, lo que significa que la gran mayoría de los casos leves y asintomáticos no aparecen en las estadísticas oficiales. Esto es muy similar a lo que está sucediendo en Estados Unidos.

El Ministerio de Salud reconoce que muchos casos pasan desapercibidos y dijo al comienzo de la pandemia que su sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica sugería que había alrededor de ocho casos no detectados por cada uno reportado.

Sin embargo, durante varios meses, las estimaciones del número de casos han sido solo un poco más altas que el recuento oficial. El Ministerio de Salud estima actualmente que ha habido poco menos de 2,22 millones de casos desde el inicio de la pandemia, una cifra solo 1,1 veces, o un 10%, más alta que la cifra oficial.

Malaquías López, profesor de salud pública de la UNAM y vocero de la comisión Covid-19 de la universidad, dijo que los números de casos estimados por el ministerio no cuadran con una encuesta de pruebas serológicas realizada entre agosto y noviembre del año pasado que encontró que alrededor de una cuarta parte de la población había desarrollado anticuerpos contra el coronavirus como resultado de tenerlo.

El Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública estimó que alrededor de 31 millones de mexicanos habían sido infectados con el virus, una cifra que podría haber aumentado significativamente dado que diciembre y enero fueron los dos peores meses de la pandemia.

Las estimaciones de casos activos de la UNAM también son mucho más altas que las del Ministerio de Salud. La universidad estima que actualmente hay un mínimo de 455.577 casos activos y un máximo de 1,36 millones.

Según el Ministerio de Salud, solo hay 56.981 casos activos, una cifra que ha disminuido significativamente este mes después de superar los 110.000 a fines de enero.

Las cifras de la UNAM sugieren que el coronavirus sigue proliferando, aunque las autoridades sanitarias sostienen que la situación ha mejorado considerablemente en comparación con enero, y la disminución de los niveles de ocupación hospitalaria respalda esa afirmación.

Pero mientras que el número promedio de casos reportados diariamente en los primeros 18 días de febrero disminuyó 38% en comparación con el promedio de enero, las muertes diarias promedio por Covid-19 aumentaron 3% a 1,087, evidencia de que México todavía está pagando un alto precio por la Navidad. -Reuniones y fiestas de Año Nuevo que alimentaron la pandemia.

Mientras tanto, los esfuerzos de vacunación de México se están acelerando después de que llegaron los envíos de vacunas AstraZeneca y Pfizer a principios de esta semana. Hasta el jueves por la noche, se habían administrado casi 1,32 millones de dosis de vacunas, principalmente a trabajadores de salud y personas mayores.

La buena noticia es que el aumento en el número de casos de Covid-19 podría resultar en que México logre la inmunidad colectiva en un período de tiempo mucho más corto. Este aumento en los casos de Covid-19 previamente desconocidos en los Estados Unidos predice que la inmunidad de grupo se puede lograr para abril de 2021, ¡solo unos meses antes!

Por último, es posible que la pandemia esté llegando a un final rápido no solo en los Estados Unidos, sino también en México!

Ole!

Ghost towns in Chihuahua

Mexico

Mexico

Most people have left, thanks to the narcos.

There’s no one in the streets, says a Nicolás Bravo resident seated across from the abandoned police station.

Violence by organized crime has turned two communities in Chihuahua into veritable ghost towns.

Confrontations between the Sinaloa and Juárez cartels have driven out entire families from the towns of Nicolás Bravo and Las Varas in the municipality of Madera.

“Go look and you’ll see, there’s no one in the streets,” Nicolás Bravo resident Abisail Bojórquez Solano told the newspaper El Universal.

Sitting alone on a bench across the street from the abandoned police station, Bojórquez told reporters that the violence has driven out most people from the town, and that those who remain live in fear.

“Some they chase out, some they kidnap. They burn people’s houses down and say ‘Get out.’ The ones they don’t want they take and disappear them,” he said.

Narcotraffickers have driven out the town’s mayor and town council members. There is no longer a local police force, and state police only carry out random surveillance.

Nicolás Bravo is an example of what federal security official Leonel Cota Montaño spoke of when he warned in October that the country’s municipalities are defenseless against organized crime.

Bojórquez said that cartel members drive around town in pickup trucks dressed as soldiers and carrying military-grade weapons.

“The truth is [that we’re afraid]. Before it gets dark, everyone is already in their houses, at six, seven in the evening,” he said, adding that he sees no solution to the problem and doesn’t believe peace will come back to Nicolás Bravo.

The same situation can be found in the nearby community of Las Varas, where the scars of a raid on the state police barracks on June 24, 2018 are still visible. The attack left two officers dead, a patrol car burned and the barracks completely destroyed.

The pervasive nature of violence in the area was made apparent by a statement by one Las Varas resident who preferred to remain anonymous.

“Oh yes, very scary. I was cutting hair and we heard a helicopter . . . and shortly after we heard shots, but we didn’t think it would be much,” she said.

However, once the fighting intensified, she knew it was more serious than she had thought.

“A bit later it became more intense. It got real bad, the fighting was really loud, and the children were really scared. We will never forget that day.”

Days later, a confrontation between members of the La Línea and Nueva Gente cartels at the edge of town lasted 10 hours and killed 20 gang members from both sides.

Investigators found evidence of the use of assault weapons, hand grenades and .50-caliber rifles.

For many families, it was the last straw. They abandoned their homes and fled.

“We are never calm, there is never peace. We always live with fear, we can’t shake off the fear. It’s something that sticks with you, I think,” said the Las Varas resident.

Mexico Asylum for Julian Assange of Wikileaks

Mexico will offer political asylum to Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, President López Obrador said Monday after a British judge blocked the 49-year-old Australian’s extradition to the United States.

“I’m in favor of him being pardoned. Not only that, I’m going to ask the foreign affairs minister [Marcelo Ebrard] to do the relevant paperwork to ask the government of the United Kingdom about the possibility of allowing Mr. Assange to be freed and for Mexico to offer him political asylum,” he told reporters at his regular news conference.

López Obrador’s remarks came after Judge Vanessa Baraitser of the Central Criminal Court of England and Wales ruled that Assange cannot be extradited to the United States to face charges of espionage and hacking of government computers because there would be a severe risk of him committing suicide while being held in a high-security U.S. prison.

“The overall impression is of a depressed and sometimes despairing man, who is genuinely fearful about his future. I find that the mental condition of Mr. Assange is such that it would be oppressive to extradite him to the United States of America,” Baraitser said.

Explaining his decision to offer asylum to Assange – who was arrested at the Ecuadorian embassy in London in 2019 after holing up there for almost seven years – López Obrador said that asylum is a right and that Mexico has a tradition of offering protection to foreigners.

“But at the same time, [there is] also the responsibility to take care that he who receives asylum doesn’t intervene, doesn’t interfere in the political affairs of any country,” he said.

“Firstly, I am pleased that in England they have given protection to Mr. Assange, that his extradition to the United States hasn’t been authorized,” López Obrador said.

“It’s a triumph of justice; I’m pleased that they act this way in England because Assange is a journalist and deserves a chance. We will be in a position to offer asylum and we congratulate the United Kingdom court for the decision taken today, … it was a very good decision. So, a pardon for Mr. Assange … and asylum in Mexico, we’ll give him protection.”

The president’s position on the Wikileaks founder stands in stark contrast to his position on other asylum-seekers, notably Central American migrants, whose welcome in Mexico has been less than warm since López Obrador took office. Nor is the president known for being sympathetic toward journalists.

The move was seen by a former ambassador to the U.S. as another indication that the president is “determined to pick a fight with Democrats and the incoming Joe Biden administration. “Saying this morning that he will seek to offer asylum to Assange is lunacy, sheer lunacy,” Arturo Sarukhán wrote on Twitter.

López Obrador has previously called for Britain to release Assange and described his imprisonment as “torture.” Documents published by Wikileaks revealed the world’s “authoritarian” machinations, he said last year.

Assange will appear in court again on Wednesday as his legal team lodges a new application for his release on bail. Lawyers for the United States government, which sought the Wikileaks founder’s extradition, are appealing the ruling handed down in London on Monday morning.

ESPAÑOL

México ofrecerá asilo político al fundador de Wikileaks, Julian Assange, dijo el lunes el presidente López Obrador luego de que un juez británico bloqueara la extradición del australiano de 49 años a Estados Unidos.

“Estoy a favor de que sea indultado. No solo eso, le voy a pedir al canciller [Marcelo Ebrard] que haga los trámites pertinentes para preguntarle al gobierno del Reino Unido sobre la posibilidad de permitir que el Sr. Assange sea liberado y que México le ofrezca asilo político. ”, Dijo a los periodistas en su conferencia de prensa habitual.

Las declaraciones de López Obrador se produjeron después de que la jueza Vanessa Baraitser del Tribunal Penal Central de Inglaterra y Gales dictaminó que Assange no puede ser extraditado a Estados Unidos para enfrentar cargos de espionaje y piratería de computadoras gubernamentales porque habría un grave riesgo de que se suicidara mientras estaba retenido en una prisión estadounidense de alta seguridad.

“La impresión general es la de un hombre deprimido y, a veces, desesperado, que realmente teme por su futuro. Encuentro que la condición mental del Sr. Assange es tal que sería opresivo extraditarlo a los Estados Unidos de América ”, dijo Baraitser.

Al explicar su decisión de ofrecer asilo a Assange, quien fue arrestado en la embajada ecuatoriana en Londres en 2019 después de permanecer allí durante casi siete años, López Obrador dijo que el asilo es un derecho y que México tiene la tradición de ofrecer protección a los extranjeros.

“Pero al mismo tiempo, [existe] también la responsabilidad de cuidar que quien recibe asilo no intervenga, no interfiera en los asuntos políticos de ningún país”, dijo.

“En primer lugar, me complace que en Inglaterra le hayan dado protección al señor Assange, que su extradición a Estados Unidos no haya sido autorizada”, dijo López Obrador.

“En primer lugar, me complace que en Inglaterra le hayan dado protección al señor Assange, que su extradición a Estados Unidos no haya sido autorizada”, dijo López Obrador.

“Es un triunfo de la justicia; Me complace que actúen de esta manera en Inglaterra porque Assange es periodista y merece una oportunidad. Estaremos en condiciones de ofrecer asilo y felicitamos al tribunal del Reino Unido por la decisión tomada hoy,… fue una muy buena decisión. Entonces, un perdón para Assange … y asilo en México, le daremos protección “.

La posición del presidente sobre el fundador de Wikileaks contrasta fuertemente con su posición sobre otros solicitantes de asilo, especialmente los migrantes centroamericanos, cuya bienvenida en México no ha sido tan cálida desde que López Obrador asumió el cargo. El presidente tampoco es conocido por simpatizar con los periodistas.

La medida fue vista por un ex embajador en Estados Unidos como otra indicación de que el presidente está “decidido a entablar una pelea con los demócratas y la administración entrante de Joe Biden. “Decir esta mañana que buscará ofrecer asilo a Assange es una locura, una locura total”, escribió Arturo Sarukhán en Twitter.

López Obrador ha pedido anteriormente a Gran Bretaña que libere a Assange y describió su encarcelamiento como “tortura”. Los documentos publicados por Wikileaks revelaron las maquinaciones “autoritarias” del mundo, dijo el año pasado.

Assange comparecerá nuevamente ante el tribunal el miércoles cuando su equipo legal presente una nueva solicitud para su liberación bajo fianza. Los abogados del gobierno de Estados Unidos, que solicitó la extradición del fundador de Wikileaks, están apelando el fallo dictado en Londres el lunes por la mañana.

U.S.-Mexico border still closed to nonessential traffic

US Border Crossing Checkpoint

US Border Crossing Checkpoint

The Mexico-United States land border will remain closed to nonessential crossings until January 21, 2020.

The restrictions will be maintained under the same terms as since its implementation on March 21, 2020.

Despite the closure, the Mexican government’s Programa Paisano, which provides support to Mexicans living in the U.S. and Canada as they travel back to Mexico, recently said it was expecting 500,000 Mexican nationals to arrive home for visits this month.

Nonessential air-travel between the two countries is still permitted as it has been throughout the land border closure, and crossing by land for reasons of work, business or emergencies is also permitted. Those who cross into either country are potentially subject to health screenings and requests to quarantine.

“This year, holiday celebrations have to be moderated so that in the future we can return to the happiness that characterizes them and so that the family members that we love so much remain with us,” said Edgar Ramírez, of the Department of Homeland Security at the U.S. Embassy. “A global pandemic is not the time to go shopping, to take trips or visit your family on the other side of the border,” he said. “And illegal immigration in these times of the pandemic, and putting yourself in the hands of traffickers, is not a solution but a bad decision.”

Mexico has recorded 112,326 total deaths due to Covid-19 according to data collected by Johns Hopkins University.

Y, en español:

La frontera terrestre México-Estados Unidos permanecerá cerrada a cruces no esenciales hasta el 21 de enero de 2020.

Las restricciones se mantendrán en los mismos términos que desde su implementación el 21 de marzo de 2020.

A pesar del cierre, el Programa Paisano del gobierno mexicano, que brinda apoyo a los mexicanos que viven en Estados Unidos y Canadá mientras viajan de regreso a México, dijo recientemente que esperaba que 500.000 mexicanos llegaran a casa para realizar visitas este mes.

Los viajes aéreos no esenciales entre los dos países todavía están permitidos, como lo ha sido durante todo el cierre de la frontera terrestre, y también se permite el cruce por tierra por motivos de trabajo, negocios o emergencias. Aquellos que cruzan a cualquiera de los países están potencialmente sujetos a exámenes de salud y solicitudes de cuarentena.

“Este año, las celebraciones navideñas tienen que ser moderadas para que en el futuro podamos volver a la alegría que los caracteriza y para que los familiares que tanto amamos se queden con nosotros”, dijo Edgar Ramírez, del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional. en la Embajada de Estados Unidos. “Una pandemia mundial no es el momento de ir de compras, hacer viajes o visitar a su familia al otro lado de la frontera”, dijo. “Y la inmigración ilegal en estos tiempos de pandemia, y ponerse en manos de los traficantes, no es una solución sino una mala decisión”.

México ha registrado 112,326 muertes totales debido a Covid-19 según los datos recopilados por la Universidad Johns Hopkins.

 

Shortcut to Spanish

These terms are given for free! For a full course and options , just click on Synergy Spanish
A
1.a fin de cuentas: after all/ when all is said and done
2.a lo mejor: maybe/perhaps
3.a partir de: as from/as of
4.a pesar de: in spite of/despite
5.a propósito: by the way/on purpose
6.acabar de + infinitive: have just
7.al revés: upside down/inside out

B
8.boca abajo: face down
9.boca arriba: face up

C
10.¿Cada cuánto?: How often?
11.caer bien: be fond of/like (a person)
12.cerrar con llave: to lock
13.cómo no: you bet/of course
14.como si: as if/as though
15.costar mucho trabajo: to be hard to do
16.creo que sí: I guess so/I believe so
17.cuando mucho: at the most
18.cuanto antes: as soon as possible/at once
19.¿Cuánto tiempo?:How long?/How much time?

D
20.dar a luz: give birth
21.dar por sentado: to take for granted/to assume
22.darse cuenta: to realize
23.darse por vencido: to give in/surrender
24.de ahora en adelante: from now on
25.de al lado: next door
26.de hecho: in fact/actually
27.de ida y vuelta: round trip
28.de la noche a la manana: overnight
29.de ninguna manera: no way/absolutely not
30.de nuevo: once again/once more
31.de repente: suddenly/all of a sudden
32.de todos modos: anyway
33.de una vez: once and for all
34.de vez en cuando: every now and then
35.dejar de: to stop/to quit
36.dejar en paz: to leave alone
37. desde luego:of course/certainly

E
38.echar de menos: to miss
39.en absoluto: absolutely not
40.en cambio: on the other hand
41.en lugar de: in place of/instead of
42.en punto: on the dot/on the hour
43.en serio: no kidding/seriously
44.en todas partes: everywhere/all over the place
45.en vez de: instead of/rather than
46.es decir: in other words47.espero que no: I hope not
48.estar a punto de: to be about to
49.estar de pie: stand
50.estar de prisa: to be in a hurry

G
51.ganar tiempo: save time/gain time

H
52.hace mucho: long ago/a long time ago
53.hacer caso: to pay attention
54.hacer cola: to line up/to stand in line
55.hacer daño: be harmful/cause harm
56.hacer falta: to lack/to be needed
57.hay que: one must/ be necessary to
58.hoy en día: nowadaysI
59.ir al grano: get to the point

L
60.llevarse bien con: to get along well with
61.lo importante: the important thing
62.lo mismo: the same thing/the same
63.lo único: the only thing

M
64.más allá: beyond
65.más bien: rather/on thecontrary
66.me da igual: it’s all the same to me/I don’t care
67.me voy: I’m off
68.muy a menudo: very often/frequently
69.muy de vez en cuando: once in a blue moon

N
70.nada más: nothing else/that’s all
71.ni siquiera: not even/not so much as
72.no hay de que: don’tmention it/no thanks are needed
73.no importa: it doesn’t matter
74.no tiene que ver: it’s beside the point/it’s got nothing to do with
75.no vale la pena: not worth the trouble/it isn’t worth it

P
76.para nada: at all
77.para variar: for a change
78.perder tiempo:waste time
79.por casualidad: by any chance/by coincidence
80.por fin: finally
81.por lo menos: at least
82.por supuesto: of course/by all means

Q
83.querer decir: to mean/to mean to say

S
84.se me olvidó: it slipped my mind
85.si bien: even though
86.sin embargo: nonetheless/nevertheless
87.sin querer: without meaning to/by mistake
88.sobre todo: above all/most of all
89.soy yo: it’s me90.subir de peso: put on weight

T
91.tener que: to have to
92.tener que ver: to have to do with
93.tener razón: to be right/to be in the right
94.todo el mundo: everyone
95.tomar el pelo: to pull someone’s leg/to kid
96.tratarse de: to be about

Y
97.ya que: seeing that
98.ya terminé: I’m done/I’m finished
99.ya veremos: we’ll see

Ex-defense minister’s investigation will live up to Mexico’s prestige

‘In the past, Mexico wasn’t up to the task of punishing criminals. Now it’s different: ‘López Obrador’

The Mexican investigation into former defense minister Salvador Cienfuegos – who returned home on Wednesday after the United States dropped drug trafficking and money laundering charges against him – will live up to the country’s “prestige,” Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard said Thursday, asserting that it would be “almost suicide” to bring the ex-army chief to Mexico and then do nothing.

“There is confidence, both in the United States and in Mexico, that the investigation will meet the highest standards of effectiveness and honesty,” the foreign minister told President López Obrador’s morning news conference.

Ebrard said the United States has full confidence in and supports the federal Attorney General’s Office (FGR), which is carrying out the investigation into Cienfuegos’ alleged wrongdoings, and the Mexican judicial system.

“We think that’s very significant coming from the judicial authorities of the United States,” he said.

Agreeing to the United States Department of Justice request for the charges against former president Enrique Peña Nieto’s defense minister to be dismissed, U.S. federal Judge Carol Amon said there was no evidence or suspicion that Mexico wouldn’t conduct an investigation.

salvador cienfuegos
Will Cienfuegos face trial? Many analysts doubt it.

However, there are doubts about whether evidence the United States has given Mexico – including thousands of intercepted cell phone messages that allegedly show that Cienfuegos colluded with the H-2 drug cartel – will be admissible in Mexican courts given that it was obtained by U.S. authorities here without the authorization of a Mexican judge.

Many analysts believe that the former army chief, arrested at Los Angeles airport last month, will never be tried here, let alone set foot in jail.

But Ebrard said there will be justice “according to the provisions of Mexican law and the investigations that the FGR will carry out.”

He added that it would be “almost suicide” not to subject Cienfuegos to a thorough investigation. If that were the government’s intention it would have been better to leave him in the United States, Ebrard said.

López Obrador called on the public to have confidence in the investigation. The president added that Cienfuegos must be investigated in Mexico as a matter of sovereignty.

“We can’t allow foreign agencies to try Mexicans if there is no proof,” López Obrador said, apparently ignoring the United States’ assertion that it had a “strong” case against the former army chief.

“Besides there are cooperation agreements that have to be respected. How is is that there is a [bilateral] cooperation agreement in this area and we’re not informed that he is going to be arrested or that there is an investigation open … [against] General Cienfuegos? If that’s the case, what are cooperation agreements for?”

The president declared that the law is now applied with rectitude in Mexico as a result of his government coming to power.

“This idea that [criminals] are punished there [in the United States] and not here was created because the authorities in Mexico weren’t up to the task. Now it’s different, now there is a change,” he said.

The United States’ decision to allow Cienfuegos was highly unusual because it has previously shown little faith in Mexico’s justice system.

Several sources have said that the United States government agreed to Mexico’s request for the general to be returned because Mexico threatened to end or limit cooperation with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.

Announcing the decision to seek the dismissal of the charges faced by Cienfuegos, U.S. Attorney General William Barr and his Mexican counterpart Alejandro Gertz Manero said the two countries remain committed to “bilateral law enforcement cooperation.”

Peña Nieto Bribery Scheme in Odebrecht Case

Former president Enrique Peña Nieto led and personally benefited from a criminal scheme within his government that paid bribes to lawmakers and committed treason, according to the Attorney General’s Office.

The Attorney General’s Office made the allegations in a document that requested a warrant for the arrest of Peña Nieto-era cabinet minister Luis Videgaray in connection with a bribery case involving Brazilian construction company Odebrecht.

President López Obrador said last week that the Attorney General’s Office had sought an arrest warrant for Videgaray but was blocked by a judge.

Obtained by the newspaper Reforma, the Attorney General’s Office document alleges that Peña Nieto, in office from 2012 to 2018, used Videgaray and former Pemex CEO Emilio Lozoya as pawns in the criminal scheme he headed up.

Lozoya was extradited to Mexico from Spain on corruption charges in July and is currently awaiting trial. Videgaray, who served as finance minister and foreign minister in the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) administration led by Peña Nieto, left Mexico at the end of the former government’s term.

The Attorney General’s Office document says that on the orders of Peña Nieto, Videgaray distributed 121.5 million pesos in bribes to former National Action Party (PAN) senators Ernesto Cordero and Jorge Luis Lavalle, former PAN national president and 2018 presidential candidate Ricardo Anaya and former PRI senator David Penchyna Grub.

According to the Attorney General’s Office, the money came from Odebrecht and was used to bribe the lawmakers in exchange for support for the former government’s structural reforms, in particular the energy reform which opened up the sector to foreign and private companies after an almost 80-year state monopoly.

The Attorney General’s Office alleges that the scheme led by Peña Nieto committed treason because the former government’s structural reforms allow foreign companies to benefit from the exploitation of natural resources that are mandated as national property by the Mexican constitution.

The Attorney General’s Office document, which doesn’t request an arrest warrant for the ex-president, says that the alleged crimes of bribery and treason “required considerable logistical and financial resources” because the government had to lobby Odebrecht for money both in Mexico and abroad.

Once the funds were obtained – former Odebrecht executives have admitted to paying some US $10 million to Peña Nieto’s campaign and government – they had to be transferred, converted to Mexican pesos, stored and delivered to lawmakers, the Attorney General’s Office said. Proposals that benefited the Brazilian company also had to be drawn up, it said.

The Attorney General’s Office alleges that the scheme led by Peña Nieto and operated by Videgaray and Lozoya was akin to “a state within a state.”

The former minister and Pemex chief “implemented a policy of acts of corruption,” the Attorney General’s Office said.

Peña Nieto “had his own apparatus of criminal power” with which “he implemented a strategy of co-optation of the will of lawmakers” in order to ensure the approval of his energy reform, the Attorney General’s Office said. The officials to whom he gave orders were “forced” to comply.

Lozoya, who is cooperating with authorities in the hope that he will be acquitted or given a more lenient sentence, told the Attorney General’s Office in a written submission that Peña Nieto and Videgaray led the Odebrecht bribery scheme in which he was involved.

He has admitted to arranging for bribes to be paid to lawmakers but claims that he was coerced by the ex-president and former minister, effectively depicting himself as a victim of their corruption.

Videgaray has rejected Lozoya’s claims, saying in August that they are “false, absurd, inconsistent and reckless.”

He hasn’t publicly responded to the Attorney General’s Office document exposed by Reforma.

Peña Nieto, whose government was plagued by corruption scandals, has disappeared from public life and has not responded to any recent allegations against him. However, the ex-president has previously denied any wrongdoing.

The federal government intends to hold a referendum next year to ask citizens whether past presidents should face justice for crimes they allegedly committed while in office.

Lozoya also implicated former presidents Felipe Calderón and Carlos Salinas in alleged corruption linked to Odebrecht, while López Obrador has informally accused his five most recent predecessors of all manner of corrupt and illicit activities.

US Dollar Peso Exchange Rate

20 Pesos now only worth about one US dollar

20 Pesos now only worth about one US dollar

The US dollar-Mexican peso exchange rate was very stable in 2019!, despite a lack of economic growth and a lot of noise in the news about the financial difficulties of the state-owned oil company Pemex, which could also cause problems for the government’s international credit ratings.

During 2019, the dollar’s low was  $18.75, and its high was $20.15 pesos per dollar, indicating the peso’s stability.

At the end of 2019 the peso closed at $18.90 pesos per dollar; compared to 2018 it closed at $19.66.

All of this seems incredible as when I, Mexicali Maryann, moved to Mexicali eleven years ago, the peso stood at 12.50 to the dollar.

Several things helped to make the peso such a good performing currency against the US dollar in 2019.  Mexico kept to  its budget deficit targets. This was difficult as Mexico’s economy had basically no growth. In addition Mexico had a positive trade balance as exports exceeded imports, something many countries, including the US could not achieve.

Going ahead, the peso will be helped by the ratification of the US, Mexico, Canada trade agreement, USMCA.

Still, even though Mexico is doing well, the exchange rate is expected to end this year at 20 pesos to the dollar. This stability against the dollar is good news not only those doing business with Mexico, but with the tourism sector, as well.

New trade deal USMCA to fuel invasion of Asian manufacturers

Chinese participation in the auto parts sector alone rose 350% in 10 years!

The Unite States Senate overwhelmingly approved a revised North American trade pact, USMCA, in a rare bipartisan vote that hands President Trump a victory on a key campaign promise just as lawmakers are preparing his impeachment trial.

The U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA, passed by a vote of 89-10. The trade pact, signed by the president in November 2018, received a similar bipartisan vote in the House last month.

A statement by the White House press secretary called the measure “another trade win for American workers,” replacing “the job-killing, huge failure NAFTA.”

“USMCA, which the President successfully negotiated over a year ago, re-balances trade between the three countries and will lead to significant economic and job growth in the United States,” the statement said.

As a benefit to Mexico, ratification of the new North America free trade agreement,USMCA, will trigger an invasion of Chinese auto parts manufacturers in Mexico, according to experts.

Ratified also by Mexico in December USMCA stipulates that 75% of automotive content must be made in the three countries in order for a vehicle to qualify for tariff-free status in the region.

That figure is 12.5% higher than that set by the rules of origin under the 25-year-old NAFTA, which will be replaced by the USMCA once all three countries have completed their ratification processes.

The aim of the higher content rule is to reduce the quantity of parts that manufacturers operating in North America use from countries such as China, India, Brazil and eastern European nations. By opening factories in Mexico, Chinese auto part manufactures will be able to circumvent the stricter rule.

Once the USMCA is in effect, Chinese companies will seek to increase the quantity of parts they make in Mexico, said Enrique Dussel, coordinator of the Center for China-Mexico Studies at the National Autonomous University (UNAM).

A number of Chinese auto parts makers have already established operations in Mexico, such as Minth, which supplies Nissan, Ford, Honda, Mazda, Audi, Fiat Chrysler and General Motors. Chinese investment in Mexico’s auto parts sector increased by almost 350% between 2008 and 2018 to just over US $6 billion.

In 2019, Hangzhou XZB Tech opened a new factory in Nuevo León and Minghua started operations in San Luis Potosí.

A supplier of a range of parts to Audi, Ford and General Motors, the former invested US $9 million in a plant in a new industrial park in the municipality of Salinas Victoria, located north of the state capital Monterrey. The company has plans to expand its facility to 20,000 square meters, the newspaper El Universal reported.

Minghua, which supplies BMW from its San Luis Potosí plant, will invest 633 million pesos (US $33.9 million) in a factory in Puebla, El Universal said, to supply parts to Volkswagen and Audi.

In addition, the Zacatecas government has announced the construction of a new industrial park for Chinese auto parts manufacturers and is currently in talks with Guangdong Automotive Component with a view to luring the company to the state.

Arturo Orozco, a professor at the IPADE Business School and director of its auto summit, said the new North American trade deal gives greater certainty to the automotive industry and provides the opportunity to attract more Chinese suppliers to Mexico.

Orozco added that Mexico is also an attractive country in which to make auto parts because wages in China have risen in recent years and continue to rise. Exporting to automakers in the United States from Mexico is easier and cheaper due to the country’s proximity to the U.S. and the trade war between Washington and Beijing.

The president of Mexico’s auto parts industry association INA said that Chinese companies are anxious to start operations in Mexico.

Only the beginning

Given USMCA’s strong beginning, in addition to Chinese automobile manufacturing companies other sectors of industry will follow. The future of Mexico is, in addition to its agricultural and tourist industries, in addition to the automotive sector, other multinational companies in other sectors will set up shop in Mexico.